CONSIGLIO DI AREA DIDATTICA (CAD) DELLE SCIENZE E TECNOLOGIE. PER LA NATURA, L’AMBIENTE E IL TERRITORIO. Degree in: MASTER IN. Contextual translation of “i 5 descrittori di dublino” into English. Human translations with examples: 15, i5, box i5, box i5, bandi5, fig: i5, the five, table i5. Collegio di Ingegneria Edile Docenti di riferimento del corso: suddivisi per area di apprendimento e definiti tramite i “descrittori di Dublino” sono riportati in.
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Degree in Environmental and Natural Sciences Discipline: The atom structure; atomic number, mass number, isotopes; the periodic table of the elements and their chemical properties; the compounds; molecular mass; the concept of mole. Simple chemical reactions combustions and their balancing; weigth percent composition; determination ddublino the minimal formula of a compound; minimal and molecular formula of dubilno compound; molecules in the space the concept of structural formula.
From the weight percent composition to the minimal formula of a compound; from the minimal formula to the molecular formula of a compound through its molecular mass.
Scheda tipo per le singole unità didattiche (descrittori di Dublino)
The electrons in the atom; Bohr and the quantum theory; the probabilistic model; quantum numbers and atomic orbitals. Ideal construction aufbau of the atoms; esternal electronic structure of the elements and their periodic properties first ionization energy; electronaffinity; atomic radius; metallic properties. The chemical bond; valence shell electrons and the octet rule; Lewis notation for the elements; hydrogen molecule; omeopolar and eteropolar covalent bond; element’s electronegativity; ionic and metallic bond.
Molecular geometry and polarity; intermolecular forces. Balancing of non-redox chemical reactions; stoichiometric calculi; defect reagent. The concept of oxidation number; redox reactions; spontaneity of a redox reaction; relative strengths of oxidizing and reducing agents.
Balancing of redox reactions with stoichiometric calculi. Aggregation states of the matter: Vapour pressure and its variation with temperature; kinetic-molecular theory; distribution curves of the kinetic energy; heat and state transitions; the heating curve at constant pressure for a pure substance;phase diagrams of pure species H2O e CO2 ; the ClausiusClapeyron equation.
The solutions and their properties; unit of measure of the concentration; conversion among the different unit of measure of the concentration; colligative properties of solutions; analytic and particellar concentration of a solution; electrolytic solutions and their electrical conduction outline ; the determination of the molecular mass of solutes; limit of validity of the laws describing the properties of the solutions; cooling diagram of a pure liquid and of a solution.
Homogeneous chemical equilibria; reaction quotient and equilibrium constant; Le Chatelier principle; the different ways of expressing the equilibrium constant; temperature and equilibrium constant the Van’t Hoff equation. The chemical equilibria in solution; proton transfer reactions and the acid-base equilibria; the equilibrium constants for the proton transfer reactions; structural and reactivity correlation for the chemical behaviour of acids and bases; Lewis acids and bases.
The pH of acqueous solutions; buffer solutions; acid-base titrations.
The chemical equilibria in solution: Outline ddescrittori electrochemistry; the potentiometric measure of the pH. Aim of the Course and Learning Outcome The aim of the General and Inorganic Chemistry course is to dl a panoramic view of the chemistry and on the reactivity of both the elements and the compounds.
Desfrittori different subjects will be at the beginning treated at very basic level thereafter improved also with the help of numerical exercises. Starting from the first notions on the nomenclature of the different classes of inorganic compounds and passing through the electronic structure of the atoms, the students will receive the fundamental criteria to build up the molecules.
By evaluating the chemical bond nature which hold the atoms in the compounds and the molecular geometry, their macroscopic properties will be deduced.
Politecnico di Torino | Servizi per la didattica
Such properties are at the basis of the macroscopic behaviour of the chemical systems: A great part of the course will deal with the world of the solutions since the target students will apply the acquired chemistry knowledge to the biological-environmental sciences. For the same reasons, the due attention will be dedicated to the chemical equilibrium concept.
Beyond the different arguments treated, the aim of this course is to invite the students on reasoning on a generic scientific problem, with the hope of teaching them a method of general applicability in order to get the desired solution. The students, at the end of the General and Inorganic Chemistry course, will obtain the following learning outcomes: These students, therefore, will handle the basic tools of chemistry the periodic table of the elements and all its implications, as the most sensational examplewill have adequate knowledge on the atomic and molecular structure, will be able to correlate structure and reactivity of the compounds and they will, consequently, have the ability to relate in a rational way the behaviour of a macroscopic system with its composition at molecular level.
In particular, they will have knowledge of the equilibrium processes and of the laws ruling them, of the reactions in solution both acid-base and redox and they will be to perform the calculations connected with the quantitative aspects of the chemical processes. The oral examination never lasts less than minutes, and will deal on the topics of the course.
Recommended books Any General Chemistry book at universitary level is suitable for the preparation of the oral examination. However, in case the purchase is necessary, the student is invited to choose one of the following also available in english Kotz, Treichel, Towsend, Chimica, IV ed.
La natura molecolare della materia e delle sue trasformazioni, II ed. For the stoichiometry exercises: Molecular Analysis at the Nanoscale Dr. Lab Manual for CHE SC Advanced Placement Physics. Chemistry — Advanced Placement.
Naming Molecular Compounds Worksheet.