Cartographies of Struggle. Front Cover. Chandra Talpade Mohanty. Indiana University Press Bibliographic information. QR code for Cartographies of Struggle. Challenges the ways that we define and discuss Third World women. Histories of feminist struggle often focus solely on gender. Gender and. Chandra Mohanty, “Cartographies of Struggle: Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism” (). The very notion of addressing what are often internally.
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Week 2 Struggpe, Focault, Marx. Week 3 Vincent II. Week 8 Vincent III. Week 11 Vincent IV. Week 12 Vincent IVb. Week 14 Mohanty Analytic Summary. Victoria Kline Anthropology Politics and Power Instr: By the year the 20 largest cities in the world will have one thing in common none of them will be in Europe none in the United Mohabty. Mohanty et al What does the world consist of?
This volume is long and the subject matter diverse. For each chapter one could devote an entire essay. Some of these authors are excessively wordy in my opinion Mohantysome are downright dense Rey Chow was troublesome in this wayand some gushingly disparaging Russo-oh please.
I will attempt to pick out the major themes in each chapter, give a brief summary of each chapter, and summarize what I think are the major contributions and intertwining themes woven throughout the volume in an analysis at the end of the summaries.
I have reason to believe this volume is going to explain either how to deal with the gap or to complain about the gap. As an introduction to this volume on Third World feminism and its intersection with Western feminism, wtruggle poem at the beginning is a reminder that the world is made up of mostly non-western, non-English speaking, and non-Christian people.
Location seems to be everything, and we in the west should be thinking about our relationship to those in the rest of the world because even if we never make contact with them, we as purchasers of goods from other countries, and imbibers of tourism to other countries have a direct impact on the conditions that make up their lives. Mohanty uses this introduction first to locate herself in the discussion: Then to define several terms that come up in feminist discourse: This chapter of course introduces all the authors and the various themes confronted by the volume and how the divisions are made by the editors and why.
Male strugge is assumed to exist everywhere and to be one of the major hurdles that third world women face also. Western feminism is hegemonic according Mohanty 51and to move beyond this there must be dialog that checks the dominant discourse and allows other voices into the discussion. Some of the authors say that the discourse must involve all people.
Of course it would not mohantyy feminism any more it would be humanism. I think it should encompass all living and non-living things and human interaction with them environmentalism. Mohanty critiques Western feminism in three ways that western manifestations are assumed in the discussion of international feminism: Violence in the Other Countries: Chow says that feminists would ask her how the gender issue is situated within this conflict. She responded that there was no gender issue at the moment of crisis, just Chinese.
She says the loss of anonymity for people speaking out against government policies, results in violence and deaths. So, simply interfering in Chinese lives, for the purpose of entertaining western audiences, is not helpful.
The Truth That Never Hurts: After a very long introduction to the subject, Smith gets around to talking about portrayals of Black lesbians in fiction in the s. Naylor allows cartograohies characters meet a brutal end. Why was this according to Smith? She does not really say, except that the portrayals of the two lesbian lovers is far from realistic, that it is too pessimistic, and that the message seems to be that lesbians cannot live very long, that they will reap the ilk of the neighborhood.
For Smith, the characters in the book are not convincing, but the reaction to their lesbianism is.
It was a story that was very human. The focus of Smith however, is the way in which Walker writes about Black lesbianism. There is no end to the kudos that she gives this book. Walker is just a good writer and storyteller.
However, the characters, although beautiful and idyllically positive, have no adverse reaction by those around them, which according to Smith is positively incorrect.
Lastly the book Zami: The characterization of lesbianism is right on, and the attitude of normal society towards them is convincingly realistic. To create a realistic, and engaging dialog with the reader, the author must be living the experience she attempts to depict. The way this manifests in the texts: Naylor is a closet lesbian, Walker is not lesbian, but has many friends and acquaintances that are, and Lorde is openly lesbian and proud of it.
Here, those in power seek to define sexuality in terms of morality. As nature would have it, the white plantation owners were taking up with black slaves, and were it not for the fact that the offspring mohabty inheriting land from their fathers, there may not mkhanty been a change in law that rendered that coupling illegal and therefore the land could not be passed down to any but white heirs!
The women of color were then considered whores by law.
Sexual relations between a black man and a white woman was considered rape by law. With the end of slavery, a new problem occurred with the importation of Indian laborers. The Indian women who were bought in as unmarried and without family became defined as prostitutes by colonial government as well as their own men! Building Politics from Personal Lives: One hurdle they had to overcome was the resistance by the state to programs involving sex education.
The problems surrounding this issue have roots in the s when population explosion was predicted and measures to strufgle out of control population expansion was the order of the day. One argument carhographies population control for working class poor was that with so many excess pregnancies and births, the proletariat would never be able to rise to middle class sruggle. This contrasted to public opinion in Brazil that a strugglr population was a resource not an economic problem Mohanty et a l The Catholic Church was against population control.
One aspect of family size the authors point out is that there has been a huge migration from rural to urban areas. The large family strategy that may have worked in rural farming, is no longer of benefit when living in the cities.
The expense of bearing and raising children in an urban environment is vastly greater compared to rural settings.
So migration has an impact on family survival. Authors Barroso and Bruschini realized that past programs for family planning had the air of authoritarianism and coercion, and did not take into account the feelings or needs of those they sought to act on in relation to reproductive organs.
Problems for Brazilians in terms of lack of information and access to contraception were true pickles. One answer to these problems was in the formation of the research project the authors became involved in. The thrust of the program was to begin with small groups of women who were interested in participating, and begin with what they believed would help better their situations.
They wanted sex education and discussion about gender issues. The aim of the program was to construct a collective knowledge of sexuality and to share this among other groups of participants. I must interject that these groups were already meeting, for other social reasons like classes, and crafts. So through these pre-bonded groups of women, the program began by talking about drawings that participants made of whatever sexual topic they were focused on for that meeting.
I have no idea what the members were asked to draw, only that they wanted to learn about body functions and anatomy, and I am sure that any lack of knowledge or misconception would show up through attempts to illustrate whatever was being discussed.
From their meetings, five booklets were assembled so they could be distributed to other interested persons. The first booklet has pictures of naked people! That is going to cause some alarm I think.
Or is it just me? And of course, there were outcries against this kind of literature being distributed. The program definitely challenges the usual hierarchical approach of development programs with poor third world women as beneficiaries: They do not have to remain victims of the system, but can seek to change the conditions in which they live, and this could reasonably begin with control over the number of children they are willing and able to nurture.
Insight from a Kingston Slum by Faye V. Harrison focuses on the poor Afro-Creole women of Jamaica. She shows how the economic super exploitation of women in the Caribbean is directly related to the location of the Caribbean on the periphery of the world capitalist system and the disparities that location causes in distribution between genders. These informal economic activities enable the big corporations to maintain low labor costs, as the informal economy does its share of supporting the people with goods and services.
Most women who sell are involved with the sale of domestic type goods: There are twice as many unemployed women partaking in the informal economy as men There are differences in the way that men and women go about producing, reproducing, and distributing, and the markets they appeal to.
Women tend to choose items of subsistence for household consumption, where men choose to barter in commodities Another area of social differentiation in gender is in social networks, which are fluid and diffuse and act as a basis in informal exchange Instead they found conditions so horrid for the women and sometimes their children that they began to offer services to the women. Services mentioned by Diaz-Cotto were sewing, writing, job skills classes such as secretarial, and the opening of halfway houses for released women prisoners that also offered help in finding mkhanty means of support finding a job.
That is with women as guards, women administrators, and women in all cartogfaphies of contact with the prisoners. This would be in contrast to impoverished white or women of color being placed in leadership rolls. Then, she looks at three specific cqrtographies Firstly, a division by race, then a division by socioeconomics, then a breakdown of offense types by gender. The statistics do not show a trend towards more violent crimes.
Cartographies of Struggle- Chandra Talpade Mohanty
Instead there is a distinct move towards crimes that violate the self as in prostitution, a clear indication of lessening economic stability and marginalization of cartobraphies.
Women outside the privileged perspective may have different issues that are more important and this she seeks to show.
What else should it be I wonder?